What is CBD - A Beginner's Guide
What is CBD?
Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of 113 identified cannabinoids, or chemical compounds, found in cannabis plants such as Cannabis sativa and Cannabis indica. CBD accounts for up to 40% of one cannabis plant’s extract.
In 2018, a clinical study analyzed the functional interactions of CBD vs THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), another primary cannabinoid, and found that use of CBD may decrease anxiety, pain, inflammation, stress, and other ailments. Since then, CBD has gained significant popularity, and users of CBD continue to grow everyday.
CBD comes in a variety of forms, such as pills, gummies, tinctures, topicals, edibles, drinks, and even vape oil or vape juice. Dry herbs are another option if you live in a state where marijuana is legal or you have a prescription.
With the push for marijuana legalization in America, vaping CBD oil is becoming more common. Let’s take a look at how vaping CBD oil works and whether CBD is the right solution for you.
Will CBD get you high?
No, CBD will not get you high in the way that marijuana causes the feeling of being high. This is because CBD acts upon different receptors located throughout the body, whereas THC receptors are primarily found in the central nervous system — hence the high. Learn more about the difference between CBD vs THC in our tutorial.
CBD is totally non-intoxicating and causes only a feeling of relaxation in the body or in areas of inflammation, for example, a headache, tense muscles from anxiety, or overworked arms and legs from vigorous exercise. For these reasons, this particular compound has gained a lot of attention in a short span of time and is an attractive option for pain relief.
Is CBD legal?
CBD is available in vape shops, head shops, and online websites, but the truth is that selling CBD products is still illegal.
While buying CBD products is legal, it is illegal to sell CBD products. The Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) strictly prohibits it for sale because it is currently being researched as a potential new drug.
The CBD product should come from hemp with less than 0.3% THC in order for it to be federally legal to purchase. Any more than 0.3% THC makes the CBD product illegal.
If you live in a state where marijuana is legal, you can purchase safe, high quality CBD products, with or without a prescription, depending on the level of legality. Check your state’s regulations on the possession of CBD before making any purchases.
Is CBD safe?
Yes, CBD is safe to use. To date, there is no evidence that CBD is toxic.
That said, there has not been a substantial amount of research on long-term CBD use. On its own, CBD may be safe, but it could interfere with certain medications or other drugs, such as alcohol.
Studies in children with severe epilepsy found that high doses of CBD (400mg per day) can cause increased liver function for those taking certain epilepsy medications, such as valproic acid. Keep in mind that most CBD distributors recommend using only 30-60mg of CBD per day.
Because CBD is metabolized in the liver, alcohol or other drugs processed in the liver could negatively interact with this compound. If you’re interested in using CBD, it is important to talk to your doctor before trying it out.
To learn more about the effects of cannabidiol, check out our tutorial: Does CBD Get You High.
Who makes the best CBD?
Legal dispensaries that extract their CBD from marijuana are the best options to choose from.
As a whole, the supplement industry is loosely regulated, especially for CBD products. Unlike the rest of the supplement industry, marijuana is grown and processed by licensed producers who distribute to tightly regulated companies. Because selling CBD is still illegal, accountability is hard to come by.
Look for CBD products from sellers that pride themselves on their hemp-derived CBD oil, tinctures, and salves, and that claim their products contain less than 0.3% THC. This is the best way to ensure you’re getting the most genuine and highest quality CBD out there.
What types of CBD are there?
In your quest to find good CBD, you’ll come across two options: full spectrum and isolate. Choosing the right one is crucial for the best results.
Full Spectrum CBD
Full spectrum CBD products contain various cannabinoids as well as terpenes along with the main ingredient of CBD.
Terpenes are oily compounds found throughout the hemp plant kingdom, while other cannabinoids, such as CBG and CBN, are other compounds that come from cannabis plants. These extra ingredients come with their own set of benefits to ensure that you’re getting the most out of your CBD products.
Full spectrum CBD products maintain these terpenes and cannabinoids after processing. As a result, they work with the CBD to make it more effective and to create a phenomenon called “the entourage effect.”
The entourage effect is the mechanism by which cannabinoids and terpenes work together synergistically to complement each other’s strengths. The entourage effect helps maximize the therapeutic effects of your CBD product, giving you the most optimal experience.
Full spectrum is available from both industrial hemp and medical marijuana.
CBD isolate contains 99% pure CBD with no THC or other compounds. Everything else is filtered out during production.
Unlike full spectrum, isolate contains no terpenes or cannabinoids that boost the included CBD. Isolate will still achieve the desired effects; however, you will not experience the benefits of the entourage effect due to the absence of terpenes and other cannabinoids.
Isolate is a safer option if you suffer from a health condition that affects your liver, or you take certain medications that prevent you from using full spectrum.
Ultimately, the choice between isolate and full spectrum is a question of efficacy and safety.
How can I vape CBD?
If you are interested in vaping CBD, there are two ways to do so. One option is to use vape oil, while the other option is CBD vape juice. Let’s look at each.
What is CBD Vape Juice?
CBD vape juice is essentially vape juice that substitutes nicotine with CBD. Strengths of CBD vary depending on the brand and chosen concentration, and most brands offer multiple strength options.
Similar to regular vape juice, CBD vape juice is infused into a carrier mix of propylene glycol (PG) and vegetable glycerin (VG). You can either add it as a concentrated tincture into your vape juice or buy it as its own flavored e-liquid.
What is CBD oil?
In some cases, CBD is available in a vape-friendly oil. However, not every CBD oil is safe for vaping. The label will tell you if the oil is strictly for ingestion, so make sure you double check before you vape. Putting non-vape oil into an atomizer could potentially burn the oil and the device.
Assuming the oil is good for vaping, you still need an oil atomizer, and using a regular e-cigarette tank won’t work.
You can either buy a separate atomizer for oil or buy disposable cartridges. Three-in-one vaporizers and alternative vaporizers are becoming more popular, as they can handle e-liquid, dry herb, and CBD oil.
What are CBD benefits and will it help me?
Many CBD users say that CBD helps them with issues like nausea, insomnia, anxiety, depression, ADD/ADHD, chronic pain relief, irritable bowel syndrome, and migraines, to name a few. The extent of benefits vary based on the individual.
Unfortunately, there is not a lot of research on CBD as a health supplement or wellness solution. The most well-researched condition that benefits from CBD is severe epilepsy, specifically Lennox Gastaut Syndrome (LGS) and Dravet Syndrome. These conditions are debilitating and sometimes deadly, primarily affecting young children.
This research led to the creation of Epidiolex, which is the first FDA-approved pharmaceutical drug derived from CBD and made exclusively for LGS and Dravet patients.
Even then, there is no evidence that CBD can help with other more common forms of epilepsy.
There is, however, evidence suggesting that CBD helps reduce inflammation, making it a viable option for people with certain injuries or arthritis when applied topically.
While CBD is being touted as a “cure-all,” it is better not to jump to conclusions. CBD is virtually harmless, and it can’t hurt to give it a try.
How has vaping CBD changed your life for the better? Let us know in the comments!
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